Sundarban National Park is a national biosphere and tiger reserve with a total area of about 1 million hectares. More than half of the land is in India, while the rest is located in Bangladesh. During the British colonial rule in 1911, the Sundarban region was described as impenetrable and unexplored jungle, stretching for 266 kilometers from the mouth of the Hoogley River to the mouth of the Meghna River and having a total area of 16,902 square meters. Km Sundarban National Park was founded in 1973 to preserve the population of Bengal tigers.
In 1977, they received the status of a nature reserve, and on May 4, 1984 – a national park. In 1987, Sundarban National Park was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The status of the biosphere reserve was assigned to the park in 1989.
However, the main tree of the mangrove forests of Sundarbans is a tree with red bark, called Sundari, in India. In addition to mangrove forests, halophilic trees grow here; there is a stemless palm tree with leaves 8-10 m tall, as well as a short, coconut palm tree. There are up to 13 species of orchids.
In Sundarban jungle safari, you can often see tiger pugs, and they are easy to spot due to the dirty, swampy nature of the surrounding area. Again, tigers are masters of disguise, and swamps often present great difficulty in detecting tigers. Tree roots and dense vegetation often make it impossible to discover wildlife, but with binoculars and fixed eyes trained on swamp shores, you can strike gold at the sight of these magnificent creatures. And when you are tired of looking at the swamps, look after the river dolphins, which abound in the rivers on which you will swim.
Sundarban jungle safari has no ordinary jeep safari. Here you will pass the waterways for most of your journey. Boat safaris are the only safaris held in this area, while some islands allow visitors to explore the area on foot (subject to permissions and permission from local forests). The best chance of finding a tiger is along the shores of waterways, so it’s best always to keep an eye on the beaches.
In the place where the Ganges River flows into the Bay of Bengal, in the tidal delta is the largest mangrove forest with endless labyrinths of rivers – Sundarban.
Through Sundarban jungle safari, Sundarbans is home to many endangered species – the Bengal tiger and river dolphin. Climate change threatens Sundarban itself. The main reason is the influx of saltwater due to rising sea levels. The tides are so powerful that every day about a third of Sundarbans is immersed in salt water. Other threats include cyclones, which are becoming more and more severe, illegal hunting, mangrove felling, and agricultural invasion.
Sundarban trip for visitors: gliding in the boat along the narrow bends of river channels, you can see tigers, wild boars, monkeys, and reptiles. From Hulna to Bangladesh, you can go on a tour for a few days.